A Database of Polysachharide 3D structures

By A. Sarkar & S. Pérez



André I, Mazeau K, Tvaroska I, Putaux JL, Winter WT, Taravel FR, Chanzy H. 1996. Molecular and crystal structures of inulin from electron diffraction data. Macromolecules, 29:4626-4635.

Arnott S, Fulmer A, Scott WE, Dea IC, Moorhouse R, Rees DA. 1974. The agarose double helix and its function in agarose gel structure. J Mol Biol, 90:269-284.

Arnott S, Gus JM, Hukins DW, Dea IC, Rees DA. 1974. Conformation of keratan sulphate. J Mol Biol, 88:175-184.

Arnott S, Mitra AK, Raghunathan S. 1983. Hyaluronic acid double helix. J Mol Biol, 169:861-872.

Arnott S, Scott WE, Rees DA, McNab CG. 1974. Iota-carrageenan: molecular structure and packing of polysaccharide double helices in oriented fibres of divalent cation salts. J Mol Biol, 90:253-267.

Atkins EDT, Nieduszynski IA, Mackie W, Parker KD, Smolko EE. 1973a. Structural components of alginic acid. I. The crystalline structure of poly-β-D-mannuronic acid. Results of X-ray diffraction and polarized infrared studies. Biopolymers, 12:1865-1878.

Atkins EDT, Nieduszynski IA, Mackie W, Parker KD, Smolko EE. 1973b. Structural components of alginic acid. II. The crystalline structure of poly-α-L-guluronic acid. Results of X-ray diffraction and polarized infrared studies. Biopolymers, 12:1879-1887.

Atkins EDT, Parker KD. 1969. The helical structure of a β-D-1,3-xylan. Journal of Polymer Science Part C: Polymer Symposia, 28:69-81.

Bian W, Chandrasekaran R, Rinaudo M. 2002. Molecular structure of the rhamsan-like exocellular polysaccharide RMDP17 from Sphingomonas paucimobilis. Carbohydrate Research, 337:45-56.

Bluhm TL, Deslandes Y, Marchessault RH, Pérez S, Rinaudo M. 1982. Solid-state and solution conformation of scleroglucan. Carbohydrate Research, 100:117-130.

Bluhm TL, Zugenmaier P. 1979. The crystal and molecular structure of tri-o-ethylamylose (TEA 3). Carbohydrate Research, 68:15-21.

Braccini I, Grasso RP, Pérez S. 1999. Conformational and configurational features of acidic polysaccharides and their interactions with calcium ions: a molecular modeling investigation. Carbohydrate Research, 317:119-130.

Braccini I, Pérez S. 2001. Molecular basis of Ca2+-induced gelation in alginates and pectins: the egg-box model revisited. Biomacromolecules, 2:1089-1096.

Brisson JR, Baumann H, Imberty A, Pérez S, Jennings HJ. 1992. Helical epitope of the group B meningococcal alpha(2-8)-linked sialic acid polysaccharide. Biochemistry, 31:4996-5004.

Cael JJ, Winter WT, Arnott S. 1978. Calcium chondroitin 4-sulfate: molecular conformation and organization of polysaccharide chains in a proteoglycan. J Mol Biol, 125:21-42.

Carlstrom D. 1957. The Crystal Structure of alpha-chitin (Poly-N-Acetyl-D-Glucosamine). J. Cell Biol., 3:669-683.

Chandrasekaran R, Lee EJ, Thailambal VG, Zevenhuizen LPTM. 1994. Molecular architecture of a galactoglucan from Rhizobium meliloti. Carbohydrate Research, 261:279-295.

Chandrasekaran R, Millane RP, Arnott S, Atkins EDT. 1988. The crystal structure of gellan. Carbohydrate Research, 175:1-15.

Chandrasekaran R, Puigjaner LC, Joyce KL, Arnott S. 1988. Cation interactions in gellan: An x-ray study of the potassium salt. Carbohydrate Research, 181:23-40.

Chandrasekaran R, Radha A, Lee EJ. 1994. Structural roles of calcium ions and side chains in welan: an X-ray study. Carbohydr Res, 252:183-207.

Chandrasekaran R, Radha A, Okuyama K. 1998. Morphology of galactomannans: an X-ray structure analysis of guaran. Carbohydrate Research, 306:243-255.

Chandrasekaran R, Radha A, Thailambal VG. 1992. Roles of potassium ions, acetyl and L-glyceryl groups in native gellan double helix: an X-ray study. Carbohydr Res, 224:1-17.

Chanzy H, Pérez S, Miller DP, Paradossi G, Winter WT. 1987. An electron diffraction study of the mannan I crystal and molecular structure. Macromolecules, 20:2407-2413.

Chuah CT, Sarko A, Deslandes Y, Marchessault RH. 1983. Packing analysis of carbohydrates and polysaccharides. Part 14. Triple-helical crystalline structure of curdlan and paramylon hydrates. Macromolecules, 16:1375-1382.

David ML, John B. 1981. Structure of cellulose II hydrate. Biopolymers, 20:2165-2179.

David ML, John B, Litt MH. 1983. Structure of a cellulose II-hydrazine complex. Biopolymers, 22:1383-1399.

Deslandes Y, Marchessault RH, Sarko A. 1980. Triple-helical Structure of (1,3)-β-D-glucan. Macromolecules, 13:1466-1471.

Engelsen SB, Cros S, Mackie W, Pérez S. 1996. A molecular builder for carbohydrates: Application to polysaccharides and complex carbohydrates. Biopolymers, 39:417-433.

Foord SA, Atkins EDY. 1989. New X-ray diffraction results from agarose: Extended single helix structures and implications for gelation mechanism. Biopolymers, 28:1345-1365.

Gardiner ES, Sarko A. 1985. Packing analysis of carbohydrates and polysaccharides .16. The crystal structures of cellulose-IVI and cellulose-IVII. Canadian Journal of Chemistry-Revue Canadienne De Chimie, 63:173-180.

Gardner KH, Blackwell J. 1975. Refinement of the structure of beta-chitin. Biopolymers, 14:1581-1595.

Guizard C, Chanzy H, Sarko A. 1984. Molecular and crystal structure of dextrans: a combined electron and X-ray diffraction study. 1. The anhydrous, high-temperature polymorph. Macromolecules, 17:100-107.

Guizard C, Chanzy H, Sarko A. 1985. The molecular and crystal structure of dextrans: a combined electron and X-ray diffraction study. II. A low temperature, hydrated polymorph. J Mol Biol, 183:397-408.

Guss JM, Hukins DW, Smith PJ, Winter WT, Arnott S. 1975. Hyaluronic acid: molecular conformations and interactions in two sodium salts. J Mol Biol, 95:359-384.

Haxaire K, Braccini I, Milas M, Rinaudo M, Pérez S. 2000. Conformational behavior of hyaluronan in relation to its physical properties as probed by molecular modeling. Glycobiology, 10:587-594.

Imberty A, Chanzy H, Pérez S, Buleon A, Tran V. 1988. The double-helical nature of the crystalline part of A-starch. J Mol Biol, 201:365-378.

Imberty A, Pérez S. 1988. A revisit to the three-dimensional structure of B-type starch. Biopolymers, 27:1205-1221.

Janaswamy S, Chandrasekaran R. 2001. Three-dimensional structure of the sodium salt of iota-carrageenan. Carbohydrate Research, 335:181-194.

Khan S, Gor J, Mulloy B, Perkins SJ. 2010. Semi-rigid solution structures of heparin by constrained X-ray scattering modelling: new insight into heparin-protein complexes. Journal of Molecular Biology, 395:504-521.

Kouwijzer M, Pérez S. 1998. Molecular modeling of agarose helices, leading to the prediction of crystalline allomorphs. Biopolymers, 46:11-29.

Langan P, Nishiyama Y, Chanzy H. 2001. X-ray structure of mercerized cellulose II at 1 Å resolution. Biomacromolecules, 2:410-416.

Lee EJ, Chandrasekaran R. 1992. The "pseudo double-helical" structure of the gel-forming capsular polysaccharide from Rhizobium trifolii. Carbohydrate Research, 231:171-183.

Mazeau K, Winter WT, Chanzy H. 1994. Molecular and crystal structure of a high-temperature polymorph of chitosan from electron diffraction data. Macromolecules, 27:7606-7612.

Millane RP, Chandrasekaran R, Arnott S, Dea ICM. 1988. The molecular structure of kappa-carrageenan and comparison with iota-carrageenan. Carbohydrate Research, 182:1-17.

Millane RP, Hendrixson TL. 1994. Crystal structures of mannan and glucomannans. Carbohydrate Polymers, 25:245-251.

Millane RP, Mitra AK, Arnott S. 1983. Chondroitin 4-sulfate: Comparison of the structures of the potassium and sodium salts. Journal of Molecular Biology, 169:903-920.

Mitra AK, Arnott S, Atkins ED, Isaac DH. 1983a. Dermatan sulfate: molecular conformations and interactions in the condensed state. J Mol Biol, 169:873-901.

Mitra AK, Arnott S, Sheehan JK. 1983b. Hyaluronic acid: molecular conformation and interactions in the tetragonal form of the potassium salt containing extended chains. J Mol Biol, 169:813-827.

Mitra AK, Raghunathan S, Sheehan JK, Arnott S. 1983. Hyaluronic acid: molecular conformations and interactions in the orthorhombic and tetragonal forms containing sinuous chains. J Mol Biol, 169:829-859.

Moorhouse R, Walkinshaw M D, Arnott S. 1977. Xanthan Gum - Molecular Conformation and Interactions. Extracellular Microbial Polysaccharides. WASHINGTON, D. C.: American Chemical Society. p. 90-102.

Moorhouse R, Winter WT, Arnott S, Bayer ME. 1977. Conformation and molecular organization in fibers of the capsular polysaccharide from Escherichia coli M41 mutant. J Mol Biol, 109:373-391.

Mulloy B, Forster MJ, Jones C, Davies DB. 1993. N.M.R. and molecular-modelling studies of the solution conformation of heparin. The Biochemical journal, 293 ( Pt 3):849-858.

Nieduszynski I, Marchessault RH. 1971. Structure of β-D-(1,4')-Xylan Hydrate. Nature, 232:46-47.

Nieduszynski IA, Marchessault RH. 1972. Structure of β-D-(1,4')-xylan hydrate. Biopolymers, 11:1335-1344.

Nishiyama Y, Langan P, Chanzy H. 2002. Crystal Structure and Hydrogen-Bonding System in Cellulose Iβ from Synchrotron X-ray and Neutron Fiber Diffraction. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 124:9074-9082.

Nishiyama Y, Mazeau K, Morin M, Cardoso MB, Chanzy H, Putaux J-L. 2010. Molecular and crystal structure of 7-fold V-amylose complexed with 2-propanol. Macromolecules, 43:8628-8636.

Nishiyama Y, Sugiyama J, Chanzy H, Langan P. 2003. Crystal Structure and Hydrogen Bonding System in Cellulose Ia from Synchrotron X-ray and Neutron Fiber Diffraction. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 125:14300-14306.

O'Sullivan AC, Pérez S. 1999. The relationship between internal chain length of amylopectin and crystallinity in starch. Biopolymers, 50:381-390.

Ogawa K, Miyanishi T, Yui T, Hara C, Kiho T, Ukai S, Sarko A. 1986. X-Ray diffraction study on (1 →3)-α-D-mannan dihydrate. Carbohydrate Research, 148:115-120.

Ogawa K, Okamura K, Sarko A. 1981. Molecular and crystal structure of the regenerated form of (1 →3)-α-D-glucan. Int J Biol Macromol, 3:31-36.

Okuyama K, Otsubo A, Fukuzawa Y, Ozawa M, Harada T, Kasai N. 1991. Single-helical structure of native curdlan and its aggregation state. Journal of Carbohydrate Chemistry, 10:645 - 656.

Pérez S, Bertoft E. 2010. The molecular structures of starch components and their contribution to the architecture of starch granules: A comprehensive review. Starch - Stärke, 62:389-420.

Pérez S, Rodríguez-Carvajal MA, Doco T. 2003. A complex plant cell wall polysaccharide: rhamnogalacturonan II. A structure in quest of a function. Biochimie, 85:109-121.

Pérez S, Roux M, Revol JF, Marchessault RH. 1979. Dehydration of nigeran crystals: crystal structure and morphological aspects. J Mol Biol, 129:113-133.

Pérez S, Samain D. 2010. Structure and Engineering of Celluloses. In: Derek H editor. Adv Carbohydr Chem Biochem: Academic Press. p. 25-116.

Popov D, Buléon A, Burghammer M, Chanzy H, Montesanti N, Putaux JL, Potocki-Véronèse G, Riekel C. 2009. Crystal Structure of A-amylose: A Revisit from Synchrotron Microdiffraction Analysis of Single Crystals. Macromolecules, 42:1167-1174.

Roche E, Chanzy H, Boudeulle M, Marchessault RH, Sundararajan P. 1978. Three-dimensional crystalline structure of cellulose triacetate II. Macromolecules, 11:86-94.

Sarko A, Biloski A. 1980. Crystal structure of the KOH-amylose complex. Carbohydrate Research, 79:11-21.

Sarko A, Marchessault RH. 1967. Crystalline structure of amylose triacetate I. Stereochemical approach. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 89:6454-6462.

Sattelle BM, Shakeri J, Roberts IS, Almond A. 2010. A 3D-structural model of unsulfated chondroitin from high-field NMR: 4-sulfation has little effect on backbone conformation. Carbohydrate Research, 345:291-302.

Stipanovic AJ, Sarko A. 1978. Molecular and crystal structure of cellulose triacetate I: A parallel chain structure. Polymer, 19:3-8.

Strino F, Nahmany A, Rosen J, Kemp GJL, Sá-correia I, Nyholm P-G. 2005. Conformation of the exopolysaccharide of Burkholderia cepacia predicted with molecular mechanics (MM3) using genetic algorithm search. Carbohydrate Research, 340:1019-1024.

Wada M, Chanzy H, Nishiyama Y, Langan P. 2004. Cellulose III1 Crystal Structure and Hydrogen Bonding by Synchrotron X-ray and Neutron Fiber Diffraction. Macromolecules, 37:8548-8555.

Walkinshaw MD, Arnott S. 1981a. Conformation and interactions of pectins. I. X-ray diffraction analyses of sodium pectate in neutral and acidified forms. J Mol Biol, 153:1055-1073.

Walkinshaw MD, Arnott S. 1981b. Conformations and interactions of pectins. II. Models for junction zones in pectinic acid and calcium pectate gels. J Mol Biol, 153:1075-1085.

Winter WT, Arnott S. 1977. Hyaluronic acid: the role of divalent cations in conformation and packing. J Mol Biol, 117:761-784.

Winter WT, Arnott S, Isaac DH, Atkins ED. 1978. Chondroitin 4-sulfate: the structure of a sulfated glycosaminoglycan. J Mol Biol, 125:1-19.

Winter WT, Sarko A. 1974a. Crystal and molecular structure of the amylose-DMSO complex. Biopolymers, 13:1461-1482.

Winter WT, Sarko A. 1974b. Crystal and molecular structure of V-anhydrous amylose. Biopolymers, 13:1447-1460.

Winter WT, Smith PJ, Arnott S. 1975. Hyaluronic acid: structure of a fully extended 3-fold helical sodium salt and comparison with the less extended 4-fold helical forms. J Mol Biol, 99:219-235.

Yui T, Imada K, Okuyama K, Obata Y, Suzuki K, Ogawa K. 1994. Molecular and Crystal-Structure of the Anhydrous Form of Chitosan. Macromolecules, 27:7601-7605.

Yui T, Ogawa K, Sarko A. 1992a. Molecular and crystal structure of konjac glucomannan in the mannan II polymorphic form. Carbohydr Res, 229:41-55.

Yui T, Ogawa K, Sarko A. 1992b. Molecular and crystal structure of the regenerated form of (1 → 3)-α-D-mannan. Carbohydrate Research, 229:57-74.

Yui T, Sarko A. 1992. Molecular and crystal structure of (1,3)-α-D-glucan triacetate. Int J Biol Macromol, 14:87-96.



84 references for 157 polysachharide entries


Last Updated : April 26, 2012
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